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Diagnostic criteria:
  • This is basically "refusal to maintain body weight at or above a minimally normal weight for age and height" and obsession with "eating, food and weight control" (Anorexia Nervosa) because of:
      • "disturbance in...which one's body weight or shape is experienced",
      • "intense fear of gaining weight or becoming fat, even though underweight",
      • "denial of the seriousness of the current low body weight",
      • "absence of at least three consecutive menstrual cycles" (DSM-IV).
  • There are two types of anorexia:
    • Restricting type:
      • No engagement with binge-eating or purging behavior; "self-induced vomiting or the misuse of laxatives, diuretics, or enemas" (DSM-IV).
      • In other words, person loose weight through "dieting and exercising excessively" (Anorexia Nervosa).
    • Binge-Eating/Purging type:
      • Regular engagement with binge-eating and purging behavior; "self-induced vomiting or the misuse of laxatives, diuretics, or enemas" (DSM-IV).
Symptoms:
    • Affective (emotions/attitudes):
      • Negative body image (despite his/her skinny and thin appearance)
        • Typically people with anorexia nervosa see themselves as overweight.
      • "intense fear of gaining weight or becoming fat, even though underweight" (DSM-IV).
        • Drives till starvation.
      • "refusal to eat or highly restrictive eating" in order to control body weight (Anorexia Nervosa).
    • Behavioral:
      • Weighs themselves frequently and repeatedly
      • "portion foods carefully and eats only very small quantities of only certain foods" (Anorexia Nervosa).


Checking one's weigh frequently is a noticeable symptoms of anorexia nervosa.
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Melohel. Stay Strong, Starve On. 2012. Photograph. Flickr - Photo Sharing! Yahoo!, 10 Jan. 2012. Web. 20 Mar. 2012. <http://www.flickr.com/photos/66841817@N05/6679164595/in/photostream/>.


    • Cognitive:
      • Constant thoughts about food, calories, fat and exercises
      • Difficulty understanding "that a very low weight and dangerous diet habits can actually be fatal" (Anorexia Nervosa).
    • Somatic:
      • "absence of at least three consecutive menstrual cycles" (DSM-IV).
      • "abnormal weight loss (when body weight is 15% below the ideal weight), sensitivity to cold, absent or irregular menstruation, hair loss" (Anorexia Nervosa).
        • "excessive facial/body hair because of inadequate protein in the diet" (Anorexia Nervosa).
Prevalence:
    • High death rates compared to other psychiatric, mental illness - 4%
    • Around "24 million people of all ages and genders suffer from an eating disorder" in United States, including bulimia (Anorexia Nervosa).

"25% of college-aged women engage in bingeing and purging as a weight management technique"
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Cicchietti, Mike. Monica. 2012. Photograph. Flickr - Photo Sharing! Yahoo!, 4 Mar. 2012. Web. 20 Mar. 2012. <http://www.flickr.com/photos/christmas-on-mars/6808716772/sizes/s/in/photostream/>.

"20% of people from anorexia will die from complication related to their eating disorder including suicide + heart problem."

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Cicchietti, Mike. Kayla. 2012. Photograph. Flickr - Photo Sharing! Yahoo!, 4 Mar. 2012. Web. 20 Mar. 2012. <http://www.flickr.com/photos/christmas-on-mars/6958098019/in/photostream>.

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<Works Cited>
"Anorexia Nervosa." National Association of Anorexia Nervosa and Associated Disorders. National Association of Anorexia Nervosa and Associated Disorders. Web. 20 Feb. 2012. <http://www.anad.org/get-information/about-eating-disorders/anorexia-nervosa/>.
American Psychiatric Association. "Anxiety Disorders." Quick Reference To The Diagnostic Criteria from DSM-IV-TRĀ®. Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publ., 2000. . Print.


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